Get Your Ride On!
Question About Frame Rate? Hey there
what is frame rate?
and how to increase it?
thanks to all
Frame rate, or frame frequency, is the measurement of the frequency (rate) at which an imaging device produces unique consecutive images called frames. The term applies equally well to computer graphics, video cameras, film cameras, and motion capture systems. Frame rate is most often expressed in frames per second (FPS) and in progressive-scan monitors as hertz (Hz).
Frame rate is also a term used in real-time computer graphics systems. In a fashion somewhat comparable to the moving-picture definition presented above, a real-time frame is the time it takes to complete a full round of the system’s processing tasks. If the frame rate of a real-time system is 60 Hertz, the system reevaluates all necessary inputs and updates the necessary outputs 60 times per second under all circumstances.The designed frame rates of real-time systems vary depending on the equipment. For a real-time system that is steering an oil tanker, a frame rate of 1 Hz may be sufficient, while a rate of even 100 Hz may not be adequate for steering a guided missile. The designer must choose a frame rate appropriate to the application’s requirements.
Frame rates in video games:
Frame rates are considered important in video games. The frame rate can make the difference between a game that is playable and one that is not. The first 3D first-person adventure game for a personal computer, 3D Monster Maze, had a frame rate of approximately 6 frame/s, and was still a success. In modern action-oriented games where players must visually track animated objects and react quickly, frame rates of between 30 to 60 frame/s are considered minimally acceptable by some, though this can vary significantly from game to game. Most modern action games, including popular first person shooters such as Halo 3, run around 30 frames a second, while others, such as Unreal Tournament 3, run at 60 frames a second. The framerate within games, particularly PC games, typically varies with the hardware configuraton, and depending upon what is currently happening in the game at a given moment. When the production of a frame makes large demands on the CPU and / or GPU, the framerate falls.for more info use this link:
and use this link to find out how to incease it:
hope that helps ?
Examples Of A Frame Tale? Pls.. Give me some examples of a frame tale
A frame story (also frame tale, frame narrative, etc) is a narrative technique whereby a main story is composed, at least in part, for the purpose of organizing a set of shorter stories, each of which is a story within a story.
This literary device often acts as a convenient conceit for the organization of a set of smaller narratives which are either of the devising of the author, or taken from a previous stock of popular tales slightly altered by the author for the purpose of the longer narrative. Sometimes a story within the main narrative can be used to sum up or encapsulate some aspect of the framing story, in which case it is referred to in literary criticism by the French term mise en abyme.
An early example of the frame story is The Book of One Thousand and One Nights, in which the character Shahrazad narrates a set of fairy tales to the King Shahriyar over many nights. Many of Shahrazad’s tales are also frame stories, such as Tale of Sindbad the Seaman and Sindbad the Landsman is a collection of adventures related by Sindbad the Seaman to Sindbad the Landsman.
An extensive use of this device is Ovid’s Metamorphoses where the stories nest several deep, to allow the inclusion of many different tales in one work.
Frame stories are often organized as a gathering of people in one place for the exchange of stories. Each character tells his or her tale, and the frame tale progresses in that manner. Famous frame stories in this mode are Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, about a group of pilgrims who tell stories on their journey to Canterbury, and Boccaccio’s Decameron.
Sometimes only one storyteller exists, and in this case there might be different levels of distance between the reader and author. In this mode, the frame tale can sometimes become more fuzzy. In the case of Washington Irving’s Sketch Book which contains “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van Winkle” among others, the conceit is that the author of the book is not Irving, but a certain gentleman named Crayon. Here the frame includes both the world of the imagined Crayon, his stories and the possible reader who is assumed to play along and “know” who Crayon is.
As with all literary conceits, the frame tale has many variations, some clearly within the confines of the conceit, some on the border, and some pushing the boundaries of understanding. The main goal of a frame tale is as a conceit which can adequately collect otherwise disparate tales. It has been mostly replaced, in modern literature, by the short story collection or anthology absent any authorial conceit.
To be a frame narrative, the story must act primarily as an occasion for the telling of other stories. If the framing narrative has primary or equal interest, then it is not usually a frame narrative. For example, Odysseus narrates most of the Odyssey to Nausicaa, but, even though this recollection forms a great part of the poem, the events after and before the interpolated recollection are of greater interest than the memory.
What Is ‘Framed Website’? I got this proposal saying that “your website is not framed” in relation to SEO? What does “framed website” mean??
Frame web sites are generally frowned upon by most web site designers
because they not supported by all browsers, take longer to load and are
not search engine friendly.
Why then would you want to create a frame web site or frame page?
In this article I will discuss what is a frame web site, the pros and
cons of frame pages and give a practical example of how to utilize
and design a frame page. I will also provide you with advanced
resources should you decide to pursue frame web sites a little deeper.
What is a frame web site?
This is when you combine several html pages in one browser window.
Pros and Cons of frame web sites
1. Easy navigation. The navigation bar remains stationary while the other
framed web pages change. This enables you to always know where you are.
2. Simple to design large web sites – if you create a web site of 300 pages
your navigation bar can remain the same while the other 300 pages change.
3. Keep visitors on your web site – you can design a frame page so that offsite
links appear in the larger frame instead of taking the visitor off site. Here’s a
good example: http://www.virginia-real-estate-homes.com/frameset.shtml.
This uses a small navigation frame at the top which remains the same while
the main pages from another site appear in the larger frame.
1. Difficult for search engines to index frame web sites (although there are
ways around this).
2. Not supported by all browsers. The older browsers especially don’t support
frame web sites and newer browsers are more supportive of Cascading Style
3. Slow loading – because a frame web page consists of several web pages
(frames), it takes longer to load than a single html page.
The main purpose of a frame page is to keep some information permanently
visible (ie navigation bar) while viewing other information (main pages)
that is subject to change. This makes it easy for a visitor to navigate say
300 pages of your site. The navigation menu or advertisement remains in
front of your visitor at all times, instead of creating one on each page.
How to design a frame page
Here’s a very practical example of a frame page you can design:
The framed web page allows a visitor to access any page of his web site
database and also be able to return to the original web site at any time
from the links on the navigation bar. This is because the navigation frame
remains constant while the main frame changes.
1. The best way to think of frames, is to treat each frame as a separate file,
all controlled by a “main” file called a frameset (and in reality, this IS the case).
2. Therefore, the framed page you create (a single page consisting of two
frames, top and bottom) should consist of 3 separate HTML files.
What Does It Mean To Write A Cultural Frame… ? Post modern frame, structural frame & subjective in visual arts ?
Cultural frame – The influence of society or cultural identity in artworks- race relations. gender concerns, class/social status, politics, religion & economics
-scientific & technological innovation.
– in this frame we ask ourselves why and artwork is made & what is its purpose.
“Post Modern defies what a novel should be”
“Post Modern books that defies what a novel should be.”
“A frame is a way of analysing an art work. The art frames consist of the Cultural Frame, the Subjective, the Structural and the Post-modern frame. The Post-modern frame is where in order to analyze and interpret an artwork the viewer takes into account the post modern and contemporary influences and how this effects the making of the artwork and the meaning of an artwork. It is used to examine how the changing context of works can influence the interpretation of an artwork.”
If this is a school assignment your teacher is being a kind of a tough $#%@^& !!!
Post-Modern” by its very nature tends to defy definition.
(Perhaps you are in a graduate level course and the difficulty of this question is appropriate.)
Try this definition on for size:
“Post Modern – A theory that involves a radical reappraisal of modern assumptions about culture, identity, history, or language taken to the extreme.”
I’ll try to help you out Lala and try to explain it as best as I can with an example: Every culture sees the world in a different way. For an example of this I’ll use Frank Stella, called by many the most influential artist of the 70’s. Stella was a brilliant Ivy League graduate student… history major, not art, who wrote in his Master’s thesis, and demonstrated, with his art works the way medieval people saw (interpreted) their visual world.
These (new to us) medieval insights were a tremendous influence on new ways of “seeing” and therefore opened new ways expressing art for us in the twentieth century.
Post Modernism calls on artists in every form and medium to see in new ways by looking at the old ways of seeing in intense, extreme and exaggerated ways. (That is still a bad description; although it is the best I can do at 6:30 A.M after staying up all night with a friend who I drove to the hospital last night) (YA is my way of coming down before retiring to the bedroom.)
I find this particular question extremely interesting because for the past six months I have been illustrating a fascinating book about two cultures who each experience the exact same events in totally different ways. Each interpretation is valid and supportable from an affective (emotional) perspective as well as a rational-logical perspective. The author makes a conscious effort to not favor one or the other interpretation of the “true” reality. He asks for illustrations that also show no preference one way or another. In other words, each culture has its own frame for truth and beauty.
If I were the school administrator I think I’d have I’d have a talk with your teacher. This is a very challenging assignment.
Realize that your job, as a student, is to just jump through the hoops as best as you can.
I hope this answer helps you in some way.
About Maturin’s mistaken post:
I just read maturin’s response that Post Modern does not “defy description.’ I didn’t make that up from personal opinion. I’m not being creative here. I am merely repeating the popular saying that commonly pops up with discussions about anything trying to describe Post Modern. A close friend wrote a post-modern dissertation has won three national wards as dissertation of the Year. Dr. Sheri Leafgrin’s “Ruben’s Fall” repeats, as do knowledgeable authors, about how the term “Post Modern” defies accurate description by the very nature of the theory:
(Dr. Leafgrin invited me to Oxford to present to her students just two weeks ago)
“In many ways, the word “postmodernism” defies description”
Next Maturin questions the widely accepted description of Frank Stella tremendous influence on art. I studied with Darby Bannard, who was Stella’s roommate, and good buddy at Princeton, and editor of Art Forum magazine, who I believed may have coined that of heard Stella term ‘ most influential artist of the 70’s”.
My very first goggle on Frank Stella says:
“Stella, Frank.” The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists. 2003. … “American painter, was one of the MOST DOMINANT AND INFLUENTIAL figures in abstract art”.
I was actively showing and teaching College in the 70’s so I am well aware of the influence of the painting giants of that time period. Perhaps Ireland isn’t as nearly aware of the American Superstar artists as they should be.
Check this site that says:
“He (Stella) is one of the very few people in the American art world to receive two major exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, and one of the fewer to receive almost continual lauding by Museum director of painting and sculpture William Rubin. In fact, according to one source, “it is hardly an exaggeration that MOMA treats Stella as Jackson Pollock’s true dauphin in the lineage of American abstract painting” (Hughes 83)” http://www.research-assistance.com/paper_list.php?Subject=ART:%20ARTISTS%20(ALPHABETIZED)&page=5
Even though I live in Ohio I traveled 1300 miles to Houston to hear Stella speak at the River Oaks Country Club. He was absolutely brilliant.
How about coming up with a more relevant example of this rather difficult to grab hold of concept than Frank Stella? I thought of other possibilities, but as an experienced educator, I realized that Stella was an excellent, well-known, practical example.
Instead of attacking my answers how about spending your energies trying to help Lala with this challenging question by providing another story of a more concrete, more practical, even more clear or concise or understandable example?
(I get testy, and exhibit examples of “creative spelling”, when I am experimenting with sleep deprivation. I’ve been up all night and helping people on YA, and learning from YA, is a great way to defuse when I am wound too tightly.)
Perhaps this question will attract the attention of another of my art world heros.. the YA Super Top Contributor “Guess Who At Large”. I have confidence that G.W.A.L. is one person who will be able to give you a complete and wonderfully written answer to your challenging question.
Question About Frames? I’m going to give a charcoal portrait of a friend to her, on her B.Day… Should I put it on a frame? What kind of frame would suit a black and white drawing?? What colour should it be…?
Than u 4 ur attention…
Framed is good. Otherwise her nice charcoal portrait will get smudged and wrinkled.
Matted is also good. This keeps the glass and the paper separated. It also gives space around the image, which is more restful to the eye.
If you use a mat, you can also use any frame color or style you like. Anything from black or silver metal sectional frames (an inexpensive option) all the way to gold leaf.
I pick up cheap frames in the picture section at Good Will all the time. I discard the art and reuse the frame. It’s nice to find a larger frame with glass in it. I have repainted, refinished, or releafed dozens of frames myself, and the people I give them to would never know the difference.
I have boxes and boxes of frames. I always say, if you’ve got a frame, you’ve got a gift!
What Are Frames Per Second? I make transformers stop-motion vids aand i’m planning on a transformers stop-motion movie for next summer and i want know what are frames per second and i want to know whats the best frame per second
Frames correspond historically with filming techniques which use a spool of film. Each frame within the film consists of a single image. Many frames played in sequence at a sufficient rate produce the animation in the movie. Four frames per second (FPS or fps) is the bare minimum for a quality best approaching “adequate”. Frames per second is also known as “frame rate”.
The frames per second rate depends upon which standard you’re using: NTSC (North American, 30Hz or 30 frames per second, sometimes 29.97 Hz or FPS ), or PAL (European, 25 Hz or FPS). If you’re doing stop-motion, you might be able to get away with 12 FPS. Try a Web search for “stop-motion animation frames per second” (without the quotes) and look for some sample frame rates you can base your own works on.
Frame Narrative? What is the purpose of a frame narrative in a book?
A frame story (also frame tale, frame narrative, etc.) is a narrative technique whereby a main story is composed, at least in part, for the purpose of organizing a set of shorter stories, each of which is a story within a story--or for surrounding a single story within a story.
This literary device acts as a convenient conceit for the organization of a set of smaller narratives which are either of the devising of the author, or taken from a previous stock of popular tales slightly altered by the author for the purpose of the longer narrative. Sometimes a story within the main narrative can be used to sum up or encapsulate some aspect of the framing story, in which case it is referred to in literary criticism by the French term mise en abyme.
An early example of the frame story is The Book of One Thousand and One Nights, in which the character Shahrazad narrates a set of fairy tales to the Sultan Shahriyar over many nights. Many of Shahrazad’s tales are also frame stories, such as Tale of Sindbad the Seaman and Sindbad the Landsman is a collection of adventures related by Sindbad the Seaman to Sindbad the Landsman.
An extensive use of this device is Ovid’s Metamorphoses where the stories nest several deep, to allow the inclusion of many different tales in one work. Emily Bront?’s Wuthering Heights uses this literary device to tell the story of Heathcliff and Catherine, along with the subplots.
Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein is another good example of a book with multiple framed narratives. In the book, Robert Walton writes letters to his sister describing the story told to him by Victor Frankenstein; Frankenstein’s story contains the monster’s story.
Frame stories are often organized as a gathering of people in one place for the exchange of stories. Each character tells his or her tale, and the frame tale progresses in that manner. Historically famous frame stories include Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, about a group of pilgrims who tell stories on their journey to Canterbury; and Boccaccio’s Decameron about a group of young aristocrats escaping the Black Death to the countryside and spending the time telling stories.
Sometimes only one storyteller exists, and in this case there might be different levels of distance between the reader and author. In this mode, the frame tale can become more fuzzy. In the case of Washington Irving’s Sketch Book, which contains “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van Winkle” among others, the conceit is that the author of the book is not Irving, but a certain gentleman named Crayon. Here the frame includes both the world of the imagined Crayon, his stories, and the possible reader who is assumed to play along and “know” who Crayon is.
Donald Westlake’s short story “No Story” is a parody of frame stories, in which a series of narrators start to tell stories, each of which contains a narrator who starts to tell a story, culminating in a narrator who announces that there will be no story. Essentially, it is a frame story without a story to be framed.
When there is a single story, the frame story is used for other purposes — chiefly to position the reader’s attitude toward the tale. One common one is to draw attention to the narrator’s unreliability. By explicitly making the narrator a character within the frame story, the writer distances himself from the narrator; he may also characterize the narrator to cast doubt on his truthfulness. In P. G. Wodehouse’s stories of Mr Mulliner, Mulliner is a fisherman in order to cast doubt on the outrageous stories he tells.
Another use is a form of procatalepsis, where the writer puts the readers’ possible reactions to the story in the characters listening to it. In the movie The Princess Bride the frame of a grandfather reading the story to his reluctant grandson puts the cynical reaction a viewer might have to the romantic fairytale into the story in the grandson’s persona, and helps defuse it. This is the use when the frame tells a story that lacks a strong narrative hook in its opening; the narrator can engage the reader’s interest by telling the story to answer the curiosity of his listeners, or by warning them that the story began in an ordinary seeming way, but they must follow it to understand later actions, thereby identifying the reader’s wondering whether the story is worth reading to the listeners’.
A specialized form of the frame is a dream vision, where the narrator claims to have gone to sleep, dreamed the events of the story, and then awoken to tell the tale. In medieval Europe, this was a common device, used to indicate that the events included are fictional; Geoffrey Chaucer used it in The Book of the Duchess, The House of Fame, Parlement of Foules, and The Legend of Good Women (the last also containing a multi-story frame story within the dream). In modern usage, it is sometimes used in works of fantasy as a means toward suspension of disbelief about the marvels depicted in the story. J.R.R. Tolkien, in his essay “On Fairy Stories” complained of such devices as unwillingness to treat the genre seriously. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland includes such a frame, but unlike most usages, the story itself uses dream-like logic and sequences; most dream frames frame stories that appear exactly as if occurring in real life.
Still, even when the story proceeds realistically, the dream frame casts doubt on the events. In the book, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, the events really occur; the dream frame added for the movie detracts from the validity of the fantasy.
To be a frame narrative, the story must act primarily as an occasion for the telling of other stories. If the framing narrative has primary or equal interest, then it is not usually a frame narrative. For example, Odysseus narrates much of the Odyssey to Nausicaa, but, even though this recollection forms a great part of the poem, the events after and before the interpolated recollection are of greater interest than the memory.
Another notable example that plays with frame narrative is the film Forrest Gump. Most of the film is narrated by Forrest to various companions on the park bench. However, in the last fifth or so of the film, Forrest gets up and leaves the bench, and we follow him as he meets with Jenny and her son. This final segment suddenly has no narrator unlike the rest of the film that came before it, but is instead told through Forrest and Jenny’s dialogues.
Frame stories are used for other reasons, as well. The Shining Force series of RPGs use narrators within frame stories to implement things like starting, saving and exiting the game without breaking the fourth wall entirely, or rather by constructing a second fourth wall to shield the player from having to suspend his/her disbelief as much.
Biology-reading Frames? In translation:
What are the 6 reading frames on the mRNA?
MRNA can’t have 6 reading frames – only DNA can manage that, because it’s double-stranded. Codons are nucleotide triplets, so depending on where you start, you can have three possible codon sequences in a single strand of nucleic acid. For DNA, this means three forward reading frames, from the top strand, and three backward reading frames, from the bottom sequence. We usually indicate them by marking them according to where we start on the strand. (+) means top strand (reading ‘forward’), and (-) means bottom strand (reading ‘backward’). So +1 would be the reading frame on the top strand that starts from the first nucleotide. +3 would be the top strand, third nucleotide. -2 would be the bottom strand, starting from the next-to-last nucleotide and reading backward.
Ex: If we have a DNA sequence of AGGCTCTCGGG, then the +1 reading frame would be AGG CTC TCG GG.. The +2 reading frame would be GGC TCT CGG G… See how it works? Using the matching rules for nucleotides (A-T & C-G), and then using the bottom strand, the -1 reading frame would be CCC GAG AGC CT., and the -2 reading frame would be CCG AGA GCC T… Got it?
So, now you see why mRNA can’t have 6 reading frames – it only has one strand, so it can only have three possible reading frames.
By the way, don’t be confused by “reading frames”, which are just the codon sequences, and “open reading frames”, which are codon sequences that begin with a ‘start’ codon (Methionine) = AUG in RNA, and end with one of the three ‘stop’ codons = UAA, UAG or UGA in RNA.